Cambodia

Cambodia

Etymology

The name of Cambodia in the Khmer language is “Kampuchea” (Khmer: ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា; Preah Reachanachâk Kampuchea), which derives from Sanskrit Kambujadeśa (कम्बोजदेश; “land of Kambuja”). It is not unique to the modern kingdom of Cambodia: the same name (i.e. Kamboj/Kambuja) is also found in Burmese and Thai chronicles referring to regions within those kingdoms. In the Indian chronicles the Kambuja were a barbarian (in the sense of non-Indian) people in the area of modern Afghanistan. “The application to Southeast Asia has no ethnic content and does not imply any migration of peoples from the original Kambuja; the most likely explanation is that, when Indian traders and Brahmins came into contact with local populations some two thousand years ago, they gave them the names of regions which, in their view, were similarly marginal and remote: the peoples of Southeast Asia, like the barbarian Kamboja, had no castes, did not observe proper food prohibitions and had different rules for marriage.” An origin-myth recorded in the Baksei Chamkrong inscription, dated AD 947, derives Kambuja from Svayambhuva Kamboj, a legendary Indian sage who reached the Indochina peninsula and married a naga princess named Mera, thus uniting the Indian and local races. In this story Kambuja derives from Kambu+ja, and means “descendants of Kambu.” [wikipedia]

Places to Meet People

Places to Meet People

Art Of Meditation Meetup – ArtOfMeditation is a simple mental practice that can be easily learned by anyone who can think a thought. With only two 20-minute daily sessions ArtOfMeditation brings profound transformation to your life. [meetup]

Cambodia Business Meeup (CBM) – This is Small Business Strategy Group helps your small business grow. Doing business is just like playing a soccer, everyone in the team have to perform like all staff in the company. We prefer business owner or people who work in Business development department to be our member. Grow together with a mutual benefit!!! [meetup]

Cambodia Healing, Meditation & Spirituality – This is a group for anyone interested in spirituality, self-development, healing and healthy living. It is all about promoting a wholesome lifestyle through the teachings of Grand Master Choa Kok Sui. [meetup]

Cambodia Village Development Volunteer Meetup Group – Anyone who’s interested in volunteering to help villages in the province in all area from social, economics, and cultural support and interaction. Creative thinking to help villagers is welcome. [meetup]

I Excel I Lead- Phnom Penh – Infusing Excellence through Inspirational Leadership  program for Working Professionals, Entrepreneurs & Business Leaders. [meetup]

NextMoneyPNH – Next Money is the world’s fastest growing fintech collaboration platform built by a global network of innovators, communities, events and programs. [meetup]

How to Find a Date

How to Find a Date

Asian Date Net – This site has been around for quite a few years now and it doesn’t seem to attract a lot of new members. Maybe the reason for this is that the design seems quite outdated and it doesn’t help that there are more guys than girls profiles shown on the homepage. [cambodia redcat]

Asian Dating – Asian Dating is the biggest dating site in Cambodia. They have got thousands of members and even more important: You can come online at any time of the day and you’ll always have countless of girls active. It’s also the site that has the nicest design and easy to use navigation. When you look at the profile of the girls you won’t just find a bunch of pictures but all sorts of personal information like age, height, weight, city etc. [cambodia redcat]

Cambodian Dating – Cambodian Dating is one of the newest dating sites in Cambodia. It let’s you create a profile in five easy steps and then you’re ready to go. However you will note the differences to Asian Dating (see above) very quickly: Not as many active members, not as much information on their profiles, a more complicated navigation and more advertisement. [cambodia redcat]

Walking Tours

Walking Tours

Cambodia Cycling – Cambodia Cycling Team team have got more than 17 year experiences in cycling tours, trekking, multi sport activities, ultra marathon, GAP Year, Dirt Biking, Classic Tour, Team Building and Bird Watching. We are one of the leading tour operator in South East Asia. [cambodia cycling]

Khmer Architecture Tours – Our tours focus on buildings erected after Cambodia’s independence in 1953, a style described as ‘New Khmer Architecture’, while setting these within the historical context of Phnom Penh. [ka-tours]

Phnom Penh Free Tours – Cambodia – This guided walk through central Phnom Penh is a pay-what-you-want tour. [free tours network]

Free Things to Do

Free Things to Do

Angkor Wat Complex – The ruins of Angkor are found to the north of the Tonle Sap Lake near modern-day Siem Reap and many people visit Siem Reap with the sole intent of using it as a base from which to visit Angkor. The largest pre-industrial city in the world at 400 sqk, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. [cambodia-hotels]

Apsaras Dance Performance – Apsara Dance draws its inspiration from the mythological court of the gods and from its celestial dancers, the Apsaras. The dance took on its own unique form adding movements and meaning, during the reigns of Jayavarman II and Jayavarman VII as well as in the Angkor era. [cambodia-hotels]

Bamboo Island – A few days on Bamboo Island, off Sihanoukville coast, comes highly recommended. The boat ride takes about half an hour and once there you will find that only about 30 people live on the island. On its north-facing crescent beach Bamboo Island has three bungalow resorts, two restaurants and two bars and is very, very laid back. [cambodia-hotels]

Battambang & Surroundings – Battambang is somewhat of an ode to French colonialism. The city lies in the heart of the Northwest and until the war years it was the leading rice-producing province of the country. It offers not only one of the best preserved examples of the French Colonial era, but also the small-town feel you expect to encounter in Cambodia as a rule. [cambodia-hotels]

Phnom Penh Royal Palace & Silver Pagoda – Built in 1866, the site contains various buildings of interest, including the Khmer-style Throne Hall, now used for special ceremonial occasions. South of the Throne Hall are the Royal Treasury and the Villa of Napoleon III, built in Egypt in 1866, for the opening of the Suez Canal, and was later presented to the Cambodian king as a gift. [cambodia-hotels]

Sihanoukville Casinos – Sihanoukville is not exactly southeast Asia’s answer to Las Vegas but it does offer a few venues for those who enjoy to throw the dice and play footsie with Lady Luck. Presently there are four hotels offer gamblers their favourite games: blackjack, roulette, baccarat, gaming machines, and poker. [cambodia-hotels]

The Bayon – The Bayon is at the centre of Angkor Thom (literally ‘Great City’), which forms the heart of the Angkor complex as it is today. This inner city is surrounded by a moat, and approached at the four cardinal points via huge stone gates and causeways flanked by statues of gods and giants. [cambodia-hotels]

Thee Prohm – If Angkor Wat and the city of Angkor Thom are best known for grandeur and majesty, then to the east, the temple and monastery of Ta Prohm wins hands down for sheer dramatic effect. Unlike most other monuments, Ta Prohm has been left the way it was originally found. [cambodia-hotels]

Tonlé Sap Lake – The Tonlé Sap Lake is the largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia. During the monsoon season between June and October the Tonlé Sap River reverses its flow and runs in the opposite direction, filling the Tonlé Sap Lake, making it the only river in the world that flows in both directions. [cambodia-hotels]

Tuol Sleng Museum & Choeung Ek Memorial – Cambodia’s tragic past can be seen less painfully through the perspective of time and its war museum, if not the most cheerful place in the world, can be extremely instructive in terms of coming to grips with what actually happened during those terrible years. [cambodia-hotels]

Festivals

Festivals

Pchum Ben Day or All Soul Day – Running for 15 days, usually from the end of September into October, this festival is dedicated to blessing the spirits of the dead and is one of the most culturally significant in Cambodia. The exact date defers year to year as determined by the lunar calendar. Each household visits their temple of choice and offers food to the monks. Offering of food is a meritorious act and is one of the oldest and most common rituals of Buddhism. [tourism cambodia]

Royal Ploughing Ceremony – The Royal Ploughing Ceremony, or ‘Bon Chroat Preah Nongkoal’ in the Khmer language, is solemnly celebrated at the beginning of the sowing and planting season. Every year in May, this cultural ceremony takes place at the park in front of the National Museum (next to the Royal Palace). Cambodia has deep connection with earth and farming. There is a deep astrological belief that royal oxen known in Khmer as Usapheak Reach, have an instrumental role in determining the fate of the agricultural harvest each year. [tourism cambodia]

Water Festival – The Water Festival, a spectacle to behold, is probably the most exorbitant festival held each year in November. It is usually celebrated for three days, i.e. the 14th and 15th of the waxing moon and the 1st of the waning moon of the month of Kadek. The 15th of the waxing moon is the last full moon day. The festival ushers in the fishing season, marks a change in the flow of the Tonlé Sap and the ebbing-water season, and is seen as thanksgiving to the Mekong River for providing the country with fertile land and abundant fish. [tourism cambodia]

Public Transit

Public Transit

Bus – Phnom Penh has several public city bus routes that are proving popular with local students, but are not yet widely used by visitors. Elsewhere there are no public bus networks. [lonely planet]

Cyclo – As in Vietnam and Laos, the cyclo (pedicab) is a cheap way to get around urban areas. In Phnom Penh cyclo drivers can either be flagged down on main roads or found waiting around markets and major hotels. It is necessary to bargain the fare if taking a cyclo from outside an expensive hotel or popular restaurant or bar. Fares range from US$1 to US$3. There are few cyclos in the provinces, and in Phnom Penh the cyclo has almost been driven to extinction by the moto. [lonely planet]

Moto – Motos, also known as motodups (meaning moto driver), are small motorcycle taxis. They are a quick way of making short hops around towns and cities. Prices range from 2000r to US$1.50 or more, depending on the distance and the town; expect to pay more at night. In the past it was rare for prices to be agreed in advance, but with the increase in visitor numbers, a lot of drivers have got into the habit of overcharging. [lonely planet]

Outboards – Outboards (pronounced ‘out-boor’) are the equivalent of Venice’s vaporetto, a sort of local river-bus or taxi. Found all over the country, they are small fibreglass boats with 15HP or 40HP engines, and can carry up to six people for local or longer trips. They rarely run to schedules, but locals wait patiently for them to fill up or you can charter the whole boat and take off. Another variation are the longtail rocket boats that connect small villages on the upper stretches of the Mekong. Rocket is the definitive word and their safety is questionable. [lonely planet]

Remork-moto – The remork-moto (tuk tuk) is a large trailer hitched to a motorcycle and pretty much operates as a low-tech local bus with oh-so-natural air-conditioning. They are used throughout rural Cambodia to transport people and goods, and are often seen on the edge of towns ready to ferry farmers back to the countryside. [lonely planet]

Rotei Ses – Rotei means ‘cart’ or ‘carriage’ and ses is ‘horse’, but the term is used for any cart pulled by an animal. Cambodia’s original 4WD, ox carts, usually pulled by water buffalo or cows, are a common form of transport in remote parts of the country, as only they can get through thick mud in the height of the wet season. Some local community-tourism initiatives now include cart rides. [lonely planet]

Share Taxi & Pick-Up Trucks – In these days of improving roads, share taxis are losing ground to express minivans. When using share taxis, it is an advantage to travel in numbers, as you can buy spare seats to make the journey more comfortable. Double the price for the front seat and quadruple it for the entire back row. It is important to remember that there aren’t necessarily fixed prices on every route, so you have to negotiate. [lonely planet]

Taxi – Taxi hire in towns and cities is getting easier, but there are still very few metered taxis, with just a handful of operators in Phnom Penh. Guesthouses, hotels and travel agents can arrange cars for sightseeing in and around towns. [lonely planet]

Professional Groups & Events

Professional Groups & Events

Cambodia WordPress Community – We’re a group of local WordPress developers, designers, and publishers in Cambodia who get together to share our knowledge and experience, and to meet other WordPress users in the area. This WordPress Meetup is open to all who love WordPress — join us! [meetup]

DevOps Cambodia – Come to the DevOps Cambodia meetup to learn more about the DevOps movement and share information on culture, practices and tools. This is a group for professionals, managers, and engineers – from dev or ops backgrounds. [meetup]

Phnum Pénh Film Meetup – Meet with like-minded friends & see indie films on Fridays at Meta House : our 1st screening is 2nd May (Fri) 2014 Orient Top Town (83min, China). Filmmaker will be present for Q&A afterwards. [meetup]

Phnum Pénh Game Development Meetup – How many cambodian use Unity? I want cambodian unity’s user Help each other!! I want everyone work like the Chopsticks!! [meetup]

Phnom Penh Start-up and Self-Improvement Meetup – This is for people serious about starting businesses who can collaborate and offer value to each other. Cambodia is actually a great place to start a business. Let’s get disciplined and make some money. [meetup]

Startup Grind Phnom Penh – Startup Grind is an event series and website designed to help educate, inspire, and connect local entrepreneurs. Each month we welcome an amazing speaker who shares their story with our community and tells us what worked, what didn’t, and what they’ll do differently next time. [meetup]

Language Exchange

Language Exchange

Phnom Penh I Girl Gone International – We are the new generation of women living abroad. We represent, connect and support! We have over 100,000 members. GGI is a fast growing, friendly global community. GGI has 100s of free events all over the world. Active hubs in 100+ cities. [meetup]

Practice Speaking English @ Phnom Penh – This group is for those who really want to practice or improve their English speaking and to build confidence while speaking in English. We will meet new friends and communicate with each other in English, no matter what your English level is. [meetup]

LGBT Groups

LGBT Groups

Cambodia LGBT Pride! – Pride is a working group of Rainbow Community Kampuchea (RoCK). RoCK is a voluntary non-profit group which aims to support Cambodian Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender people (LGBT) by recognising and promoting the need for equality and respect regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity (SOGI). [facebook]

Resources

Resources

Places in Cambodia

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